A shopping center is a retail building or complex where several stores are joined to form a destination place for shoppers. Shopping centers take many different forms: they may be automobile-oriented (e.g. strip malls) or pedestrian-oriented; they can be open campuses or clusters arranged around a vertical atrium. They can be anchored by supermarkets or department stores, or they can be groups of small specialty shops. The buildings in a shopping center must be united by a common development plan. In general a city's downtown or a retail-intensive district does not qualify as a shopping center, unless special modifications are made to it such as the formation of a pedestrian mall by closing a street. Specially designated shopping districts without physical modification in an urban retail area generally do not count as shopping centers.
A group of retail outlets in a single building or campus.