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Kingdom Centre

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Identification

Kingdom Centre
Al Mamlaka
100934

Plan

Structure générale

gratte-ciel
construit [achevé]
acier
béton
radier
verre
mur-rideau
argenté
moderne
flèches jointes

Usages

appartements en copropriété bureaux hôtel
centre commercial restaurant stationnement

Faits

  • Kingdom Centre ist das höchste Gebäude in Saudi-Arabien und erreichte während der Bauphase 2001 seine volle Höhe.
  • Das Hochhaus wurde von Anfang an als Wahrzeichen für Saudi-Arabien konzipiert. Mehr als 100 Architekturbüros haben Gestaltungsentwürfe präsentiert. Der Entwurfsprozess von der ersten Idee zur Festlegung auf die entgültige Bauform dauerte 3 Jahre.
  • Der Gebäudekopf beinhaltet einen Hohlraum, der mit einer 60 Meter langen Brücke überspannt wird.
  • Das Kingdom Centre wurde mit dem Architekturpreis Skyscrapers.com Award 2002 als das beste neue Hochhaus des Jahres für Design und Funktionalität ausgewählt.
  • Occupants include a five-star hotel, a major bank headquarters, a sports club, a wedding and conference center, and a luxury condominium and apartment complex.
  • The tower's unique shape culminates in a triangular opening spanned by a 56 meter skybridge with a public observation deck.
  • Kingdom Centre was planned from the beginning as an iconic symbol of Saudi Arabia, and the final design was selected after a 3-year process which included over 100 submissions by major architectural firms.
  • The spaces to the left and right of the hole contain an enormous latticework of diagonal steel beams. On the restaurant level there is a conference room with a skylight looking up at this area.
  • The building is the tallest in Saudi Arabia, and was topped out in January 2001.
  • Kingdom Centre is the tallest skyscraper in the world below 50 floors.
  • At its completion this was the 25th tallest building in the world, and the tallest of the 21st century.
  • The hotel's ballroom is the largest in Riyadh, and the largest in the entire Four Seasons hotel chain.
  • The observation deck has a steeply arched floor, and features diagonal cross-beams along the windows.
  • The building has an entrance on each of its four sides, each one serving a different usage (hotel, shopping, ballroom, and apartments/offices).
  • The tower is aligned in a direct axis with Al Faisaliyah Center, Riyadh's other major skyscraper.
  • A three-level shopping center fills the east wing. The mall won a major design award.
  • Landscaped courtyards filled with palm trees welcome visitors on the north and south sides of the tower.
  • The lighting fixtures in the driveway mimic the shape of the tower, with a recessed arc in place of the hole.
  • The inverted catenary arch at the top was described by the developer as a "necklace" for the city of Riyadh.
  • The large opening is illuminated at night in continuously changing colors.
  • Almost all of the facade is reflective blue glass, but the opening is lined with aluminum to highlight the unique shape.
  • The ellipse motif taken from the tower's footprint appears also in the light fixtures, ceiling panels, entrance canopy, wastebaskets, and furniture.
  • The main lobby is a soaring elliptical space with ribbed vaulting, elevated walkways, a fountain, and rows of palm trees.
  • Kingdom Centre is the winner of the 2002 Emporis Skyscraper Award, selected as the "best new skyscraper of the year for design and functionality".

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Plus d'informations

Lieu

King Fahad Road
King Fahad Road, P.O. Box 230011
111321
Al-Olaya
Riyadh
ar-Riyâd [الرياض]
Arabie Saoudite

Données techniques

991,90 ft
991,90 ft
984,25 ft
548,23 ft
952,76 ft
11,81 ft
9,84 ft
124,05 ft
251,57 ft
32
3
1999
déc. 2002
45
22
3 200

Entreprises participantes

Alimak Hek Group AB
MANNTECH Building Maintenance Systems

Ellerbe Becket, Inc.
Ellerbe Becket, Inc.
Ellerbe Becket, Inc.
Ellerbe Becket, Inc.

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Spécificités

  • L'immeuble est connu dans cette ville
  • L'immeuble dispose d'un centre d'affaires
  • L'immeuble dispose d'un centre de conférences
  • L'immeuble dispose d'une cour intérieure
  • Un portier est présent à l'entrée
  • L'immeuble dispose d'un centre de remise en forme
  • Des projecteurs illuminent l'immeuble pendant la nuit
  • L'immeuble dispose d'un étage d'observation
  • Un parking public est disponible
  • L'immeuble dispose d'un sauna
  • L'immeuble dispose d'un sky lobby
  • L'immeuble dispose d'une piscine
  • L'immeuble dispose de court(s) de tennis
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