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About Savannah

142 022 dans la ville
417 512 dans laire urbaine
193 km² (75 mi²)
6.096 m
Georgia's first city, Savannah is located just below the South Carolina border near the Atlantic Ocean and is credited with being the first "planned city" in the United States. The area was settled in 1733 when General James Edward Oglethorpe and 120 other travelers landed their ship, Anne, on the banks of the Savannah River. After the American Revolution, Savannah began to gain a reputation for its weather and fertile soil, and shortly thereafter had flourishing cotton and rice trades. The wealth generated by agriculture, as well as the fact that Savannah had become an important port, led to the creation of decadent homes and towering cathedrals. The city has also experienced some hard times. Devastating fires in 1796 and 1820 each destroyed half of Savannah. The local economy was brought to a standstill during trade blockages of the Civil War. And, after World War I, the Boll Weevil ruined the area's cotton farming, catapulting Savannah into the great depression. Today, Savannah's Historic District is one of the nation's largest and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1966. With breathtaking architecture, including historical homes and cathedrals, many small parks (known as "squares"), and an exciting riverfront district, Savannah is a truly unique place and a favorite among tourists. Wilmington Island also uses a Savannah address.